Gasification Resources

In order to understand the importance of Gasification, we have added a few gasification resources for review.

Producing gas from agricultural or forest waste provides a reliable, clean source of power for villages and businesses in areas that lack grid electricity.

Heating biomass in a restricted supply of air produces an energy-rich gas that can be used to supply heat or to run engines and generators, providing clean, reliable electricity for villages or factories. That means families can access electricity for the first time, helping replace dangerous and polluting kerosene lamps, and businesses can thrive and grow.

Fossil fuels are a relatively inexpensive but a finite domestic resource. In addition, burning of fossil fuels is a major contributor to carbon emissions, which have been linked to climate changes. Gasification utilizes biological sources for fuel and chemical production and burns more cleanly than hydrocarbons. Operating in a low-oxygen environment under very high temperatures and pressures, gasification consists of a set of chemical reactions that converts solid carbon containing matter, such as coal or plant-based materials called biomass, municipal waste, or coal, into a synthetic gas, or “syngas.” The syngas can be burned directly or used to produce chemicals and liquid transportation fuels with fewer harmful impurities. The process provides a more efficient and environmentally-friendly method for producing large quantities of energy.

Gasification Resources

 

Key facts

  • Hundreds of biomass gasifiers are in use for generating electricity, mainly in India and China.
  • Small scale gasification systems usually cost US$1,500 per kW and lower.
  • Opportunity to use agricultural and forest residues to replace fossil fuels.

 

How biomass gasifiers work

How biomass gasification systems are used

What are the benefits of gasification?

Cost

Numbers

The future

Gasification Resources

 

https://www.ashden.org/biomass-gasification

http://energy.gov/fe/science-innovation/clean-coal-research/gasification

http://www.netl.doe.gov/research/coal/energy-systems/gasification/gasifipedia/intro-to-gasification